The history of Machu Picchu Machu Picchu was likely build around the year 1450, during the glory years of the Inca Empire. In this period the Empire was ruled by the Inca’s Pachacutec Yupanqui (1438-1471) and Tupac Yupanqui (1472-1493). Although the archeological site of Machu Picchu is very famous, about the original name and purpose of this city scientists are still not sure. Because the city wasn’t easy to reach and is surrounded by sacred mountains, the most accepted theory about Machu Picchu is that it was used as a holiday resort for Kings and other very important people. From the style of the rooms, it seems that there were more rooms for the royal and less for their servants.